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Basic facts
Area: 1,001,450 sq km
Population: 78,887,007 (July 2006 est.)
Population growth: 1.75% (2006 est.)
Life expectancy: total population: 71.29 years
Fertility rate: 2.83 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 31.33 deaths/1,000 live births
Literacy rate: 57.7% (total population)
Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc
Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
GNI pr. capita: 1.250 USD (2004)
GDP real growth rate: 4.9% (2005 est.)
Foreign debt: $28.95 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
Foreign aid per capita: 13,2 USD per year (2003)
Unemployment rate: 10% (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line: 20% (2005 est.)

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